Category: Cryptozoology

Remember the Sykes study? You know the one that was being billed as going to be the one that defines Sasquatch, Yeti, Bigfoot?


Geneticist Bryan Sykes

The study that dashed our hopes claiming that the Yeti was actually the reemergence of a fossil polar bear?

Well silently and off the BIG radar, some things about the Sykes have been revealed and they are not minor.

The Fossil Polar Bear

The crux of the study, at least in the Himalayas, was that the DNA collected on some of the samples belonged to a long thought extinct Polar Bear. A cryptozoological breakthrough if not necessarily the one anticipated. 

Sykes Samples and Results

List of samples tested by Sykes and results. (Credit: Royal Society Publishing)

But as always; hold the phone.  It appears an error was made.

In a letter to the Royal Society Publishing Organization, Sykes admitted to a  mistake by stating their GenBank search was in error, but now alluding that their discvovery was to the modern polar bear.


“Sykes and Melton acknowledged that their GenBank search was in error and but suggested that the hairs were instead a match to a modern polar bear specimen "from the Diomede Islands in the Bering Sea reported in the same paper”. They maintained that they did not see any sign of damage in their sequences and commented that they had “no reason to doubt the accuracy of these two sequences any more than the other 28 presented in the paper.”

Published Dec. 17th, 2014 –



However while retesting the samples for replication done by Eliécer E. Gutiérrez, a researcher at the Smithsonian Institution and Ronald H. Pine, affiliated at the University of Kansas stated that the samples were genetic variants of brown bear near impossible to derive the difference between them.


By means of mitochondrial 12S rRNA sequencing of putative “yeti”, “bigfoot”, and other “anomalous primate” hair samples, a recent study concluded that two samples, presented as from the Himalayas, do not belong to an “anomalous primate”, but to an unknown, anomalous type of ursid. That is, that they match 12S rRNA sequences of a fossil Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus), but neither of modern Polar Bears, nor of Brown Bears (Ursus arctos), the closest relative of Polar Bears, and one that occurs today in the Himalayas… We have concluded that there is no reason to believe that the two samples came from anything other than Brown Bears.” 

Published March 16th, 2015 –

640px-Ursus_arctos_isabellinus_(in_Perm_Zoo) (1)

Himalayan Brown Bear (Source: Wikipedia)


Meaning there was really  no breakthrough in Yeti research.


From Bad to Worse

Even more recent was an allegation made by colleagues of Dr. Sykes as reported in the U.K. Sunday Times by Science Editor Jonathan Leake.

“A GENETICIST at Oxford University whose new book claims to offer ‘the first scientific evidence on the survival’ of apemen such as the yeti and Bigfoot, has been attacked by colleagues who say the claims are nonsense and his research institute does not exist.”

March 29th, 2015 –



According to an article on Retraction Watch entitled, “Bigfoot paper corrected because it doesn’t exist — the author’s institution, that is” quoted Leake stating Sykes admitted to his “white lie.”

"The paper gave Skyke’s affiliation as the Institute of Human Genetics at Wolfson College, Oxford. Sykes is a fellow of Wolfson but he admitted the institute was mythical. “The journal required some sort of additional address in the college and, hey presto, I became an institute!”




If this is true, with the above information what type of credibility does it lead to this study?

While people would consider Sykes “controversial,” every scientist out to put forth hypotheses into areas such as Cryptozoology, Ufology and Para-Anthropology, unless you’re towing the company (main-stream science) line, has been labeled as controversial. And in all science missteps are made such as the GenBank error.

However what I cannot condone, nor should anyone, is the acceptance of any untruth of any sort, any “white lie” or any misrepresentation to get published in a journal.

Has a familiar overtone doesn’t it?

Till next time,



The Huffington Post, reports a KEYT reporter John Palminteri stumbled upon a deceased, hairless creature on the shores of East Beach in Santa Barbara, California after their recent rash of storms.



Source: John Palminteri / KEYT


Read more about it here…

Till next time…


April Fools joke or not a story emerged from Ratcliff, Texas where some intrepid commenters have solved the mystery more accurately than the state biologist, Brent Ortego contacted to watch the film and throw an opinion.

As the story begins a local couple there caught something in their live capture trap, and what  they saw in the cage they weren’t expecting. 



The “creature” captured in the cage.  (Photo Credit:


Chupacabra Found Alive?

by Janelle Bludau Newscenter 25.

RATCLIFFE – Deep in the back woods of South Texas, you never know what might be lurking around the corner, or in your tree.

"He saw this strange animal up here eating corn," Jackie Stock said.

In Ratcliffe, a small town in DeWitt County, residents are certain they’ve found the mythical, despicable chupacabra, and this time, it’s alive.

Ratcliffe Resident Jackie Stock said her husband caught the creature Sunday night.

“He called me to come and look, and I said ‘Bubba that looks like a baby chupacabra,’” Stock said.

With its hairless back, large claws, countless teeth and ferocious growl, many would say this animal fits the bill.

“I hunted coons for 20 years with dogs and I ain’t ever seen anything that looks like that right there,” Ratcliffe resident Arlen Parma said.

Parma said one of the biggest signs it’s not a raccoon is its growl.

“A coon doesn’t make that noise, or a possum. What makes that noise? I guess a chupacabra does,” Parma said.

Most people in DeWitt County are convinced this is the elusive chupacabra, but what do wildlife experts have to say?

“The animal in the cage as best I can tell from the view is some sort of a small canine,” Brent Ortego, Wildlife Diversity Biologist with Texas Parks and Wildlife, said.

Ortego said a canine can include a coyote, dog, or even a fox. He said the animal most likely has mange which has caused it to lose its hair. But as for a chupacabra, he thinks otherwise.

“It’s never been proven to be a unique species. It was always something out there that allegedly was said to cause harm to people or livestock,” Ortego said.

Chupacabra or not, right now this little guy is staying at the Stock household, living off a diet of cat food and corn, at least until someone can find out what it really is.

“We were just trying to figure out what it is because we’ve never seen anything like it before,” Stock said.



The Biologist Ortego claimed that , “The animal in the cage as best I can tell from the view is some sort of a small canine.”

A look at the front paws of the creature and the way it consumes food, easily tells it is not canine in nature.

The commenters on the news agency’s site immediately identified the hairless fellow, as a hairless raccoon. They even submitted a few links, where these pictures conclusively tells all.




We have to remember folks, that science is not perfect, because it always has a human element to it.


Till Next Time,



There are times when I write something with a heavy heart, and this is one such occasion.


In February 2011, I was the team leader for the Nat Geo special, The Truth Behind the Loch Ness Monster.


Briefing the dive team, Feb. 2011 at Loch Ness.

Our boat, (The Nessie Hunter) skipper was George Edwards, a life long tour boat guide on the Loch, who claimed to have two sighting, at the time to seeing the famed Nessie.


George Edwards (Steve Kulls Photo)

In March 2012 George released what was purported to be the best picture of Nessie yet…



Here’s the close up…


Tonight while doing a radio show, someone asked if I had seen the photos of George Edwards. I did not, but then I was suddenly surprised as I remembered our weathered Scottish captain.

When I saw the pictures, my heart sank as I recognized it immediately.

I remember George on the top deck of the boat, taking pictures of our prop hump, used in sighting recreations for the program. The hump itself, was not made by the crew but had previously been used for another program.

              prop 3prop

Screen shots of the prop used in the Truth Behind the Loch Ness Monster

Yes they are certainly the same.  Sorry George, I now believe you are a hoaxer, and I say this with a heavy heart.

But it is what it is.

I was suspicious of George, as our 3 day boat expedition had come to end it was time for the polygraph tests, of some of the eyewitnesses and to be administered by the super examiner and Scotland Yard retiree,  David Byrd. (Who was phenomenal!)


David Byrd preparing the polygraph, prior to testing. Sandy, our sound man is in the hot seat. (Steve Kulls photo)

Both Mikko Takala and the nice lady from the Highlands had both passed the test with flying colors. Then it came time for George’s. He looked nervous as hell. He failed the test.

Due to George running a local tourist business, a decision was made by the production team to cut that from the final copy of the show, as did the hydrophone testing run by the Marine Biologists brought in.


Marine biologists, Ian Todd and Dr. Victoria Todd of Ocean Science Consulting, pictured here on the deck of the Nessie Hunter, preparing the hydrophone equipment. (Steve Kulls photo)

And as they did my debunking of the Robert Preston photo, which was vastly different from the scientist’s opinion that was aired in the program, but my theory had been tested and validated.

Of course I was able to recreate the pictures, with my theory and quite closely as well.

Preston photoIMG_20110221_031737

(Left) The Preston photo taken with an I-Phone. (Right) Steve Kulls recreation photo taken with an Android phone.


Preston being interviewed by the production company. (Steve Kulls photo)

Needless to say Preston wanted money for the use of his picture, and as a groundskeeper at the Aldourie Castle, he should have been quite aware of this sun reflection from the copper on the roof from the house across the Loch.

Although I say this with a heavy heart, I am so proud polygrapher David Byrd was right on the money.

Speaking of which, it seems that the two people involved in the show which turned out to be hoaxer, was their main motive; money.

Preston via, trying to sell his photograph to any who wanted to put it in a commercial application and now Edwards trying to boost his tour boat business.

Well yet another hoax busted and another hoaxer revealed. But its all part of the job.

Till Next Time,



Things like this give me hope for the discovery of some our favorite cryptids including our hairy friends, the Sasquatch.

This article popped on the newswire and it is very exciting for those who love to search for the unknown.

‘Kraken’ caught on film at last

Nature’s Mysteries /Published January 07, 2013 /

“The elusive giant squid, which can grow to a monstrous 26 feet in length and is likely the source of the Nordic legend of the kraken, has been captured on film at last.

The creature spends its days trawling the depths of the Pacific Ocean, at a depth where there is little oxygen or light and crushing pressure from the immense weight of the water above. It was spied by Japan’s National Science Museum, working in tandem with Japanese broadcaster NHK and the Discovery Channel, according to AFP.

"It was shining and so beautiful," museum researcher Tsunemi Kubodera told AFP. "I was so thrilled when I saw it first hand, but I was confident we would because we rigorously researched the areas we might find it, based on past data."

The immense creature, which has razor-toothed suckers and eyes the size of dinner plates, has been the subject of fables and fairy tales since ancient times. The Norse legend of the sea monster and the Scylla from Greek mythology might have derived from the giant squid.


  giant squid filmed giant squid filmed 2

Footage captured by NHK and Discovery Channel in July 2012 shows a giant squid in the sea’s depths. (NHK/NEP/Discovery Channel)

This is the first recorded footage of the giant squid in its natural habitat, squid specialist Kudobera said. He also filmed what he says was the first live video footage of a giant squid in 2006, but only from his boat after it was hooked and brought up to the surface.

"Researchers around the world have tried to film giant squid in their natural habitats, but all attempts were in vain before," Kubodera said.

The squid was spotted at a depth of around 2,000 feet using a submersible in July, about 10 miles east of Chichi island in the north Pacific Ocean.

"With this footage we hope to discover more about the life of the species," he told AFP, adding that he planned to publish his findings soon.

Discovery Channel will air the footage in the special “Monster Squid: The Giant Is Real,” on Sunday, Jan. 27 at 10PM EST.

"Our crew came face-to-face with the giant squid, and it’s the ideal season finale for our ‘Curiousity’ series that stirs the imagination of our audience, bravely asking questions and fearlessly seeking answers. This latest production, four years in the making, is a world-first achievement for television, and I’m excited to share it,” said Eileen O’Neill, group president of Discovery and TLC Networks.

Which other mystical creatures will finally be revealed? We’re looking at you, Bigfoot.”

Read more:

Keep the search alive folks!!

Till Next time,


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