In my latest book, “What would Sasquatch Do?” speculates about Sasquatch culture, specifically pointing to the emerging facts, that chimpanzees, the closest primate DNA-wise to humans, having cultural differences.

A timely article, backs up what I state about chimp culture and the very small leap of faith, that if chimps have a culture, the Sasquatch has one as well.


Chimps have a ‘secret handshake,’ scientists say

By Stephanie Pappas

Published September 02, 2012


Chimpanzees that engage in unusual hand-holding behavior during grooming may be showing off a little culture, new research suggests.

These chimp handshakes, which are seen only among some of the primates, seem to differ from group to group in ways that aren’t dependent on genetics or environment. That leaves cultural differences between groups as a possible explanation for why and how the hand-holding occurs.

"We think that this at least indicates that chimpanzees do not only respond to their environment instinctively or based on genetic predisposition," said study researcher Edwin van Leeuwen, a doctoral student at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in the Netherlands. Nor do they learn in a vacuum, van Leeuwen told LiveScience.

"They can have a shared community tradition," he said.

Handshakes and grooming

Chimps groom to bond, to relax and to get rid of pesky insects. Among some groups, though, the fur-picking is accompanied by above-the-head hand-holding. One chimp will grasp the other’s hand and raise their linked hands toward the sky. The apes will then start grooming one another with their free hands.

This behavior was first seen in a group of chimps in Tanzania, and has been observed in at least 15 other groups as well. Meanwhile, some groups of chimps never break out hand clasps during grooming. It hasn’t been clear whether the difference is purely social or whether there are genetic or environmental factors that explain it, van Leeuwen said.

At the Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage Trust (CWOT) in Zambia, multiple groups of semi-wild chimps live in 50- to 200-acre forest enclosures. About half of these chimpanzees are rescues from the wild, and the other half are born to rescued moms at the Trust. This mix of animals means there aren’t major genetic differences between the groups as would be seen in related families in the wild.

The chimps also share the same environment, though they are separated by fences and cannot see one another. That makes them a perfect test case for pegging down the reason for social differences, van Leeuwen said.

Rudimentary culture?

Van Leeuwen and his colleagues observed the chimps for more than 1,000 hours between 2010 and 2012, recording the primates’ grooming behaviors. They found that of the four groups at the sanctuary, two never held hands while grooming.

The other two groups were big into hand-clasping, but even here, there were differences. Group 1 almost always grasped their hands palm-to-palm, while Group 2 hooked their wrists around each other instead. Additional observation by sanctuary scientists suggests that these behaviors have been going on for at least nine years.

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Click here to see images of the Hand-Holding Chimps

Till Next Time,